UNIT 4 ANTI-ARRACK MOVEMENT. Structure. Aims and Purpose. Introduction. The Movement: How it Began. Other Initiatives against Arrack. Anti-Arrack Movements for Women in India! Women have been in the forefront of movements against liquor-related social evils. Women in Patad village in Uttar. Anti-Arrack movement. Year:(September and October) Place:Andhra Pradesh Purpose: Ban on alcoholism. In AP witnessed a spontaneous.

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Skip to main content. Nevertheless, in recent times arrack has been banned by various states like Karnataka15 and Kerala. In a village in the interior of Dubagunta in Nellor district of AP, women had enrolled in the adult literacy drive on a large scale in the early s.

The government-imposed a ban on sale of liquor in the state, and prohibition was imposed. This measure would have ensured that no corrupt networks persist between the arrack contractors and government officials and at the same time included a major stakeholder within the folds of the policy.

The police helped them by arresting some of the hooch makers and seizing the ration cards of others. People had to go to the sara or liquor compound to have a drink. The anti-arrack movement started in Nellore district inand quickly spread to other parts of the state.

Nonetheless, this was not a feminist struggle even though it led to the self-empowerment of these women. They felt that the ban on IMFL should be removed and those who could afford can drink.

From anti-arrack to total prohibition: the women’s movement in Andhra Pradesh, India.

Additionally, drinking in rural areas was divided along caste lines. Given magisterial powers to deal with boot leggers. Many women even committed suicide to escape this daily torture.

Men from Medepalli would sneak atni watering holes in Mudigonda and return inebriated. The manufacture of liquor became illegal and punishable with conviction and fines upto Rupees One lakh. It was through these classes that movsment women united against the consumption of arrack in their villages.


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A close nexus between crime and politics was established around the business of arrack. However, rather than these steps being taken or prohibition being imposed, it was lifted during this period from all states except Gujarat.

As time passed, this drinking increased in quantity, and men started drinking more and more. The people of Andhra Pradesh had been struggling against the sale of arrack or local liquor, which was being backed by movemet number of governments over a period of time. Click here to sign up. It also allowed the populations to take cognizance of their own situations and act accordingly.

Log In Sign Up. These ajti of this one movement tell us how a simple social movement has complex facets, each with a different but logical story behind it. How did the anti-arrack movement originate. After the third five-year plan there is no mention of prohibition in the subsequent plans.

Women spoke to other women who faced the torment of drunken abuse, and with the support of the District Collector and the sarpanch, started an anti-arrack movement. A stigma persisted against it, especially within the forward castes and also among some groups of the backward classes.

Castewise, drinking was distasteful. They were illiterate, exploited by landlords, and targets of domestic and social violence. Many meetings were held and dhranas given and slowly an awareness campaign built against arrack.

Most among these poor families belonged to arravk landless labor class sections of the society, hence giving them the title of the poorest of the poor. Many women were arrested and cases filed against them. Wage incomes of poor families were spent at various instances, entirely on the purchase of arrack. Chandra Babu Naidu, the son in law and Member of the cabinet, wrested power from N.


From anti-arrack to total prohibition: the women’s movement in Andhra Pradesh, India.

The women used instruments like brooms, chilli, powder11 and fire to tackle the rowdy arrack contractors and their drunken husbands. This was a concentrated programme that lasted four months.

Although this movement does not exemplify the feminist struggle but it did bring to the fore the complicated combinations in which gender and politics intermingle. The Anti Arrack Agitation soon became a movement when answeres to the above questions were sought and spread like a wild fire all over the state.

These probably inspired women to fight for their rights. A joint Action Committee formed. InKerala also imposed ban on liquor within the state.

Remember me on this computer. The Andhra Pradesh Government did institute prohibition in the district of Guntur in on experimental basis. Many liquor contractors were closely linked with politicians and there was a close nexus between crime and politics.

A Women’s Movement -The anti arrack Movement | Rekha Pande –

Education among these women led to the development of courage and enlightenment. The Anti Arrack Movement: This aspect has been briefly enumerated in this essay. Women in Nellore came together in spontaneous local initiatives to protest against arrack and forced closure of the wines shop.

They had a simple demand of no selling and drinking of liquor in the village.

There was a reduction of domestic violence, increase in savings.