Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-6). The LSNS-6 is a validated instrument designed to gauge social isolation in older adults by measuring the number and . The Lubben Social Network Scale–6 (LSNS-6) is a six-item, self-reported scale to assess social isolation in older adults (aged 65 years old and. Description, The Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS) is a item instrument that was designed to measure social isolation in older adults by measuring.
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We used two criteria for validation. The sensitivity analyses revealed that using a cut point of less than 10 instead of a cut point of less than 12 would result in slightly worse findings for concordant validity.
Although the three study sites are all located in Europe, and the large majority of study socoal were of Caucasian ethnicity, there are important differences between the three sites Table 1.
These prevalence rates are higher than the rates expected in these populations. It has been translated into many languages e. Central to this research will be measurement development. There is a need for valid and reliable short scales that can be used to assess social networks and social supports and to screen for social isolation in older persons. Given the large number of World War II war refugees that settled in Hamburg, this higher proportion of older adults with limited social ties in the present study is understandable.
Such improved knowledge will enhance future gerontological research and geriatric care. We took into account that, for each of the comparisons listed in Table 1three statistical netwrok were used. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Socisl. First, we calculated summary statistics including simple counting, percentages, mean values, standard deviations, and frequency distributions to describe the demographic and clinical characteristics of the sample.
Based on the concept of lack of redundancy of social ties we defined clinical cut-points of the LSNS-6 for identifying persons deemed at risk for social isolation.
Lubben Social Network Scale | ISCMR
Such cut points necessarily involve trade-offs addressing the competing goals of sensitivity and specificity of screening instruments. Another item asks how often someone shows love and affection to the respondent, and the third item asks how often the respondent has someone to share worries with.
Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Considering all of your friends including those who live in your neighborhood …. LSNS-R is available for free at http: Because of a strong tradition of group activities in Switzerland, most lubbwn the participants from Solothurn reported participating in social groups, whereas this was soical frequent in Hamburg and London. The item-subscale correlations with total subscale scores range are necessarily higher, reflecting the greater homogeneity of the three items that constitute a given subscale when compared with the six items that constitute the LSNS Screening older persons based on the LSNS-6 provides quantitative information on their family and friendship ties, and identifies persons at increased risk for social isolation who might benefit from in-depth assessment and targeted interventions.
We nefwork similar results for the LSNS-6 Family subscale and the Svale Friend subscale, correlating the scores from clinical neetwork versions with those from the respective continuous scale versions. Item—total scale correlation analyses Table 3 reveal coefficients ranging from.
Family and Friend Subscales are an equally weighted sum of their three items respectively. The Hamburg respondents were also more apt to report deficiencies in various aspects of their social support networks than their counterparts in Solothurn and London.
A clinical cut-point score of less than 12 on the LSNS-6 indicates that, on average, the respondent had fewer than two people to perform the particular social integration functions assessed by the LSNS Solothurn is a mainly rural Canton county socia approximatelyinhabitants. Scores for each question range from zero to five, with zero indicating minimal social integration and five indicating substantial social integration.
In a next step, we validated this proposed cut point of the LSNS-6 by using the present cross-national samples. They also recounted that various researchers had developed abbreviated but inconsistent versions of the original LSNS.
Similarly, the older person with a large family network might partially compensate for the lack of a friendship network. They suggested that the LSNS-6 would be more appropriate than longer instruments as a screener for social isolation in practice settings. LSNS-6 is available for free at http: We evaluated internal consistency by using Cronbach’s alpha. Approximately two thirds of the individuals in the Hamburg sample were female, whereas older women constituted slightly more than half of the sample in the other two sites.
Most live in small villages or towns, and many were born and have lived most of their lives in the Solothurn area. The present study is a cross-national and cross-cultural evaluation of the performance of an abbreviated version of the Lubben Social Network Scale LSNS-6which was used to screen for social isolation among community-dwelling older adult populations in three European countries.
The magnitude of health risk associated with social isolation is now deemed to be comparable with that of cigarette smoking and other major biomedical and psychosocial risk factors House, The subscales also demonstrated quite consistent Cronbach alpha scores across all three sites.
It has also been translated into several languages including Chinese, Korean, Japanese, and Spanish.
Study groups were drawn from community-dwelling patients, 65 years or older, enrolled with participating general practitioners. A score less aocial 20 may indicate a person with an extremely limited social network and high risk for isolation.
Low scores have also been correlated with mortality, all-cause hospitalizations, physical health problems, depression and other mental health problems, and a lack of adherence to good health practices. In Hamburg, participants were recruited from luvben urban and suburban neighborhoods with a relatively large proportion of individuals with higher educational levels.
Lubben and Gironda a cited improved psychometrics and ease of administration as the primary reasons for revising the original LSNS. Except for vision and emotional support, significant differences were noted among the samples.
Related articles in Web of Science Google Scholar. We retained those factors with an eigenvalue greater than 1, and we determined the factor structure by factor loadings having an absolute value greater than 0.
How many relatives do you feel at ease with that you can talk about private matters?
Lubben Social Network Scale
Also shown in Table 6 are the correlations of these proposed cut points with the same set of social and health indicators used in the previous table. How many of your friends do you see or lubbben from at least once a month? Sca,e of these two subscales also demonstrated high internal consistency and other desirable measurement traits. The Family subscale ranged from 0. As we expected, the dichotomous versions have a somewhat lower level of correlations with the selected social and health indicators.
LSNS is available for free at http: